The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), released new guidelines today regarding the introduction of peanuts into a child’s diet. It is a complete reversal of what was once the prevalent treatment. Instead of eliminating peanuts from a susceptible child the new protocol suggests the introduction of peanuts as early as 4-6 months of age in high-risk infants under a doctor’s guidance. Kids with less risk can start to eat peanuts at 6 months without the need to do so under a physician’s care.
The new guidelines came about as a result of a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) in 2015 entitled The Learning Early about Peanut Allergy (LEAP). According to NEJM, “the trial was conceived to determine whether the early introduction of dietary peanut could serve as an effective primary and secondary strategy for the prevention of peanut allergy.”
According to CBS News, “the results of the LEAP study showed that early introduction of peanuts dramatically decreased the risk of developing a peanut allergy by 70 to 80 percent.”